Barbados is a coral island, pushed out of the sea by tectonic activity and is the most easterly island in the Caribbean at 166 sq. miles.

Barbados has long been known as “The Land Of The Flying Fish,” with the national dish being cou-cou and flying fish, and as “The Birthplace of Rum.” The island’s warm waters, which are rich in minuscule plant and animal organisms, provide an excellent food source for the flying fish, which in turn have provided Barbadians with a high-protein dietary staple for centuries.  Barbados is the most eastern Caribbean island in the chain, otherwise known as the Lesser Antilles in the West Indies. Situated above South America, northeast of Venezuela, north of Guyana, and east of St. Vincent and the Grenadines. The Atlantic Ocean sits to the east of the island and the Caribbean Sea to the west. The capital city is Bridgetown, located in the parish of St Michael.  The limestone rock has created Barbados’ island, and the land area of the isle measures 166.4 square miles (431 km2). It is 21 miles (34 kilometers) in length and 14 miles (23 kilometers). The terrain is relatively flat in comparison to other Caribbean islands. However, there is a gentle rise to a central highland region of the island, measuring approximately 1,115 feet above sea level.